Swallowing & nutrition


Multiple sclerosis affects everybody differently.  Dysphagia, or difficulty in swallowing, can occur among some people with multiple sclerosis. There are different levels of dysphagia and it is important you seek advice from a health professional (Speech Therapist and Dietitian) to help you understand what your individual requirements are. 

It is also important that you continue to eat well and enjoy your delicious food. You may require some alterations to the texture of your food but it is important that you still get all the nutrients you need whilst enjoying the food you eat.  Here are some tips to assist you with swallowing issues whilst eating:

  • See a Speech Pathologist to assess if swallowing is affected and if so determine next steps
  • Seek nutrition advice from an Accredited Practicing Dietitian 

  • If required, see a speech therapist to assess and assist with your swallowing.

  • Eat smaller meals more frequently.

  • Moist foods can be easier to swallow.

  • Eat softer foods foods (your Dietitian can help with texture modification).

  • Bake or mash vegetables (your Dietitian can help advise a suitable consistency for you).

  • Tuck your chin in when you swallow, this helps to close your airway temporarily.

  • Sit upright to eat.

  • Take your time with your meals.

  • Chew foods well.

  • Alternate liquid with solid food to moisten it.

  • Avoid speaking whilst eating.

  • Eat in a relaxed atmosphere.

  • Stay upright for at least 30 mins after you have eaten.

  • Introduce more soups, smoothies, yoghurt, vegetable mash and veggie juices into your meals if required.

  • Thicken drinks if required. This should be done in consultation with a Speech Pathologist and Dietitian

Tasty ideas

  • Enjoy some of the tasty ideas for easy to swallow soups, smoothies and delicious meals in our recipe section and adapt and create some of your own.

Read more about dealing with swallowing issues


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