Symptom management

There are several treatments available to ease specific symptoms and slow the progression of multiple sclerosis. Medications might also be prescribed to manage acute symptoms such as pain, spasticity, fatigue and bladder difficulties.

There are also important lifestyle tips that some people use to limit the impact of multiple sclerosis on their lives. Ultimately, each case of multiple sclerosis is different and treating and managing symptoms really comes down to the person, their families and carers finding the mix that suits best.


Managing specific symptoms

You can learn more about management strategies for specific symptoms by:

Managing a relapse

People living with multiple sclerosis may experience relapses – the frequency, severity and longevity varies from person to person. With the right information and support, relapses can be managed effectively to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle.
  • What is a relapse? A relapse is a relatively sudden (over hours or days) episode of new, or worsening of existing, multiple sclerosis symptoms
  • What should you do if you experience a relapse? If you have relapse concerns talk to your MS nurse or GP as soon as possible. Relapses can be a sign that your multiple sclerosis is active so it’s important to report each one, even if you don't think you need medical treatment.
  • What else can you do to manage a relapse? Once your neurologist or MS nurse has confirmed you’re having a relapse, they should discuss your symptoms with you and decide whether you need treatment for the relapse itself or the symptoms. Not all relapses need treatment. The symptoms of a relapse will generally improve on their own.

You can find out more about managing a relapse in the Managing a Relapse information sheet.

Seek professional advice

Get advice from your neurologist or GP about what medical treatments and self-management strategies might be most suitable for you.

Your appointments with your neurologist may be few and far between, and you may not have very long to ask a lot of questions. Our Preparing for your neurologist appointment checklist is a useful way to capture everything you need to discuss. This checklist was developed with the support of the MS Advisory Council of Victoria.

Support for you

Every person's experience of living with multiple sclerosis is different. Find the support and services you need to meet your individual circumstances.

Managing Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms: An overview

New Year's Resolution - Manage my Symptoms

With the new year upon us, let's hear from MS Nurse Advisor, Bridie Phillips as she provides an overview of symptom management for people living with MS. Bridie will discuss topics such as where to go and who to ask to get your symptoms under control. (Recorded 23 Jan 2020)

Webinar Handouts: Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms Overview 


Common symptoms

Multiple sclerosis symptoms are varied and unpredictable, depending on which part of the central nervous system is affected and to what degree.

Symptom management

There are several treatments available to ease specific symptoms and slow the progression of multiple sclerosis.

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